The monsoon runs formally from june 15 through Sept. 30; the National Weather Service said earlier this year that a couple of things mean we probably won’t see a great deal of July rain — generally one of the state’s wettest months. Instead, the monsoon will leave us wetter toward the end of summer.

For many, this can be their initial summer in Tucson and they come to find out what to try and do — and what not to do — once monsoon rains, thunder and lightning strike.

Heat safety is a priority when living in the desert and it’s important to always be prepared. It’s wise to limit outside activities because heat is Southern Arizona’s preferred weather-related killer. If you need to be outdoors, wear loose, light covering and limit outdoor time to early morning or evening.

Stay hydrated. Don’t wait till you’re thirsty before drinking water. If spending time outdoors drink about four cups of water per hour. Avoid taking salt tablets, drinking alcohol and caffeine. And don’t leave kids or pets unattended in any vehicle.

Experts advise to possess basic emergency things at home — a healthy supply of drinking water, food that doesn’t need preparation or refrigeration in the event of an extended power failure, flashlights, additional batteries and medications.

As monsoons bring useful precipitation they additionally bring heat and flash flooding that requires extreme caution and obeying traffic signs and warnings needs to stay in the forefront of everyone’s mind.

Experts say that when the dew point is fifty five degrees or more for three consecutive days, rains are on the horizon.